sábado, 18 de julio de 2015

Learning Literature

En otra entrada, "Learning Grammar", nos referimos a los principales términos gramaticales en inglés. Ahora vamos a hacer lo mismo con los principales términos literarios.

literature
LGBT literature (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender literature), Gay literature
Feminist literature
Revolutionary literature
author
writer
reader
teacher
student
lecturer
editor (editor literario)
publisher (editor comercial, la casa que publica la obra)
collector (coleccionista)
critics
marxist criticism
post-structuralism
psychoanalitical criticism
feminist criticism
New criticism
structuralism
reception
recognition
reference
allusion
abstract (resumen)
article (artículo)
catalog (catálogo)
barcode number (código de barras)
bibliography (bibliografía)
bound periodicals (periódicos encuadernados y clasificados)
Journal (revista de enfoque académico)
magazine (revista de actualidades)
cultural background
book
paperback book (libro encuadernado en rústica, de bolsillo)
hardback book (encuadernación en tapa dura, edición de lujo)
best-seller
bookseller (vendedor de libros)
customer (cliente)
bookshop (librería)
library (biblioteca)
librarian (bibliotecario, -a)
interlibrary loan (préstamo interbibliotecario)
collection
booklover (amante de los libros)
book shelf (estantería), stacks (estantes)
antiquarian bookshop (librería de viejo)
book cover (portada de un libro)
wholesaler (mayorista, distribuidor)
realism
surrealism
artificiality
index
sources
plagiarism (plagio)
ideas
message
principles
theories
order and disorder
the text
speech acts (actos de habla)
feedback (retroalimentación, retroacción)
flashback (salto atrás, analepsis)
flashforward (salto adelante, prolepsis, anticipación)
stream of conciousness (flujo de conciencia)
literary tradition
guidance, guides
convention
definition
diction
anotation
topic
a cliché
a theme
quotation (cita)
response, answer
emotion
mood, atmosphere
evidence
knowledge
process
comprehension
understanding
explanation
interpretation
intertextuality
information
discussion
specifications
characterisation
polemic
assessment, evaluation
format
section
a link
differencies / similarities
humour
irony
sarcasm
mockery
trickery
mistake
error
technique
the use
the scheme
the area
the plan
the time and the places
the play's settings (el marco espacial de la obra teatral)
the effect
the result
the purpose
the intention
the efectiviness
the framing of the action
the framework
censorship (la censura)
to censure
to write
to read
to develop
to comment
to contrast
to analyse
to categorise
to discuss
to debate
to refer
to highlight
to illustrate
to compare
to evaluate
to check
to specify
to connect
to differ
to determine
to exam
to test
to establish
to look back
to react
to reflect
to choose
to illuminate
to illustrate
to present
to edit (corregir)
to publish (publicar, editar)
to print (imprimir)
to correct
extracts, passages
details
the result
the relationship
the writer's attitudes
headings
personal reflections
requirements
an example
terminology
literary terms
literary genres
   fiction
   non-fiction
   prose / verse
   letters
   core text (texto principal, nuclear)
   structure
   form
   text
   paragraphs
   pharaphrasing (parafrasear)
   pattern (modelo)
   literary period/school/movement
essay
   pathetic fallacy
   critical work
   an approach
   reviews
narrative
   narrator
   omniscient narrator
   unreliable narrator (narrador indigno de confianza)
   novelist
   chapter
   episode
   story
   storyline
   short story
   detective story
   stories within a story (historias intercaladas)
   fairy tales
   novel
   picaresque novel
   futuristic novel
   historical novel
   humorous novel
   social novel
   victorian novel
   Restoration novel
   gothic novel
   a thriller
   novella (novela corta)
   biography
   autobiography
   bildungsroman (novela de aprendizaje, en este caso se usa un vocablo de origen alemán)
   gothic novel
   travel writing
   diaries
   narrative voice
   characters (personajes)
   the role
   the function
   protagonist
   antagonist, antagonism
   rival, rivalry
   enemy
   allied (aliado)
   hero, heroine
   anti-hero
   point of view
   narrative perspective, narrative viewpoint
   argument, plot
   sub-plot
   incident (peripecia)
   introduction
   the beginings of a text
   exposition
   preface
   complication
   turning point (punto de inflexión)
   climax
   dramatic incitement
   tension
   crisis
   confusion
   complexity
   the coda (desenlace)
   conclusion
   resolution
   denouement (solución, final)
   the end
   the endings of a text
poetry
   poet
   ode
   satire
   elegy
   stanzas (estrofas)
   enjambment (encabalgamiento)
   sound
   tone
   rhyme
   rhythm, pace
   caesura
   verse
   blank verse
   meter
   decameter
   iambic pentameter
   emphatic stress
   syllable stress (acento silábico)
   assonance
   consonance
   sonnet
   quatrain (cuarteto)
   triplet (terceto)
   couplet (pareado)
   sestet
   romances
   the Augustan (Alexander Pope, Dryden)
   the Romantics (Byron, Shelley...)
   the Modernists
   pastoral poetry
theatre, drama
   playwright (dramaturgo)
   a dramatist
   a play (una obra de teatro)
   a historic play
   a peformance (una representación)
   a rehearsal (un ensayo)
   to perform (representar)
   to cast
   to act
   on the stage
   tragedy
   comedy
   drama
   absurd drama
   tragicomedy
   romantic comedy
   the audience
   the spectator
   the director
   the actors
   asides (los apartes)
   an act
   a scene
   dialogue
   solilloquy
   monologue
style
word
lines
meaning
sign
text
context
concept
conception
element
a unit
colloquialism
colloquial language
figurative language
   ambiguity
   antithesis
   direct / reported or indirect speech
   metaphor
   onomatopoeia
   personification
   alliteration
   connotation / denotation
   association
   symbol
   symbolism
   figurative / literal sense
   image
   imagery
   elision
   hyperbole
   litotes
   oxymoron
   paradox
   rhetorical question
   sibilance (aliteración de sibilantes)
   simile
synonims / antonyms
idioms (giros, frases hechas)
handwriting
coursework
vocabulary
glossary
linguistic /stylistic features
dialect
syntax

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